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Health protection
18.03.2009

Morbidity, disability, and hospitalization

Incidence for a certain disease represents the frequency of new cases, registered for the first time by a medical-sanitary institution, in a population, within a given space and time.

Prevalence of a certain disease represents the frequency of new cases, registered for the first time by a medical-sanitary institution and that of old cases (registered before), in a population, within a given space and time.

General incidence rate represents the frequency of new cases of diseases, registered for the first time by a medical-sanitary institution, in a population, per 100 thousand inhabitants, within a certain space and time.

General prevalence rate represents the frequency of new cases of diseases, registered for the first time by a medical-sanitary institution and that of old cases (registered before), in a population, per 100 thousand inhabitants, within a certain space and time.

Structure of general incidence represents the number of new cases of diseases by the main nosologies, according to the International Classification of Diseases, the X-th revision, per 100 diseases, total new cases, %.

Structure of general prevalence represents the number of new and old cases of diseases, by the main nosologies, according to the International Classification of Diseases, the X-th revision, per 100 diseases total cases, %.

Morbidity of population is characterized by the detected number of patients (or being supervised out patiently) during the year going to the health care institution or during prophylactic examination. Incidence is recorded during patient diagnosis establishment for the first time in life.

Prevalence of the population – the total number of patients registered during the year. Here we take into account the patients with first diagnosis, as well as those who have repeatedly addressed with the certain disease.

Morbidity rate is calculated as the ratio between the number of patients and the annual average number of population.

For statistical processing of data on morbidity there is applicable the international classification of diseases and related health problems, revision X, which ensures comparability of data on morbidity and mortality.

Disability is qualified as worsening health disorders accompanied by stable body functions disorder, subject to disease, trauma or defects consequences, which restrict the vital activity of man and lead to the need for social protection of this person.

Primary disability represents the frequency of sicknesses which interrupt definitively the work capacity, totally or partially, new case, registered for the first time - in the reference period, in a population, per 10 thousand inhabitants, within a given space and time.

Average number of visits per 1 inhabitant per year represents the number of visits paid by inhabitants to doctors in relation to the average annual number of stable population.

Disability of children less than 18 years old represents the frequency of children aged 0 -17 years 11 months 29 days with disabilities, new case, per 1000 children aged 0 -17 years 11 months 29 days, within a given space and time.

Level of sick people hospitalization represents the frequency of hospitalization within in-patient units, per 100 inhabitants, within a given space and time.

Lethality represents the frequency of persons deceased within in-patient units, in relation to the number of discharged patients plus the deceased persons in the given medical-sanitary institution, within a given space and time.

Number of surgical interventions represents the number of surgeries performed for discharged patients plus the deceased persons in the surgery sections, within a given space and time.

Number of patients hospitalized within in-patient units represents the frequency of hospitalization in in-patient units, within a given space and time.

Average hospitalization duration of the patient per bed represents the average number of days spent by one patient per one bed.

Total number of pregnancy termination represents the frequency of pregnancy termination in women of fertile age per 1000 live births.

Health system resources

Public hospital represent the medical-sanitary institution with beds, of public utility, with legal personality, which provide specialized medical services in in-patient conditions (Draft Law on Hospitals).

Emergency health assistance institutions provide emergency pre-hospital health assistance and assisted medical transportation upon the patient’s or other persons’ call, or upon the request of the medical workers in continuous regime, from the place of accident or decay and during the transportation up to patient’s transfer to the medical/sanitary institution, including in crisis situations, on the entire territory of the country.

Primary health assistance institutions represent the primary health assistance institutions which provide primary health services to the patients on their own lists based on the application submitted according to the free choice principle, regardless of person’s statute (insured or not insured), including from other institutions in case of medical-surgery emergencies or other situations justified from medical point of view. (Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, Order No. 695 dated 13.10.2010).

Out-patient individual enterprises represent the institutions which provide health services in out-patient conditions – services of primary health assistance and specialized out-patient services: Family Doctors’ Centers, Health Centers, Family Doctors’ Offices. Health Offices, Consultation Sections. 

Medical personnel – represents the number of doctors or medium medical personnel, during the reference period.

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