Main indicators in agriculture
Products of agriculture in money value calculated in current prices and include the crop and livestock production, as well as the market value of services rendered to enterprises serving agriculture and agricultural enterprises, farms producing agricultural products, and non-market services rendered to budget organizations and institutions. Comparable prices, in which products of crop and animal are estimated, are used for calculation of the index of the physical volume of agricultural products. Prices of 2005 were used as comparable prices until 2013. Starting from 2013 the average prices of the previous year are used in the calculation of agricultural products as comparable prices.
Volume of plant production is determined by the size of global yield of agricultural crops, and is expressed in current and comparable prices.
Beyond this, to the value of global yield is added value of young perennial plantations. The value of growth of young perennial plantations includes the value of planting and the growth of perennial plantations up to the fructiferous age.
Volume of animal production is determined by the quantity of live weight, the increase received and the growth of young animals for year, the increase in weight of mature animals, in the result of fattening, and also the quantity of milk, wool, eggs and other animal products obtained in the result of use of animal and poultry, having no relation with their slaughtering.
The volume of animal production is expressed in current and comparable prices.
Data on agricultural enterprises are presented for all enterprises, organizations, associations producing agricultural products and enterprises serving agriculture, and also enterprises with the agriculture as the secondary activity.
Data on households include the data on individual auxiliary households, horticultural associations and privatized horticultural plots.
Data on farms cover the data on agricultural activity of the persons who were given land parcels in the counterpart of shares of equivalent land.
From the statistical surveys’ organization standpoint, there are 3 major categories of holdings (units or households) in the agricultural activity:
- Enterprises producing agricultural production or agricultural enterprises,
Enterprises producing agricultural production or agricultural enterprises cover all the enterprises and organizations, which have legal entity status and produce agricultural products, holding or possessing agricultural land or developing agricultural activity, regardless of their organizational-legal form and ownership type. This category includes the enterprises with the main activity type in agricultural sector, as well as the enterprises which carry out agricultural activities as secondary activity (within their structural subdivisions), and institutions, organizations (monasteries, military units, etc.) which have agricultural land plots and/or agricultural animals.
According to their organizational-legal form, agricultural enterprises may be: agricultural production cooperatives (APC), joint stock companies (JSC), limited liability companies (LLC), state enterprises (SE), etc.
Farms represent the entrepreneurship activity form, without legal status, carried out using land plots and patrimony under the private property or use of the farmer who produces agricultural production. This category of households also includes the persons who were given land parcels in the counterpart of shares of equivalent land, but did not register the household in the established way.
Households are the form of agricultural production produced by their own work by citizens or members of their families, in particular on the plots of the house (located inside the localities) and in the gardens (out of the localities) in order to meet the needs in food and other needs . Households do not have legal status.
Agricultural activity performed by households cover the activities carried out in individual auxiliary households, horticultural associations, and privatized horticultural plots.
Gross harvest represents the volume of plant production obtained from all the areas of agricultural crops/perennial plantations (separately by crops and groups of crops) in natural expression, without harvesting losses, including the production resulting from the change of crops’ destination.
Average yield of agricultural crops/perennial plantations represents the average level of production in natural expression obtained per one unit of cropped land area (this indicator is expressed in quintals per 1 hectare).
Agricultural land represents the land plots used systematically for obtaining agricultural production. The area of the agricultural land is set from: arable land, perennial plantations (vineyards, orchards, and nut plantations), pastures and hayfields.
Arable land represents the agricultural land plots systematically processed (ploughed) and used for sowing agricultural crops and perennial herbs.
Perennial plantations – agricultural land planted with orchards, vineyards, and nut plantations.
Orchards – plantations of trees, regardless of the age and species (stone and seed) and fruit-bearing shrubbery.
Vineyards – plantations of vineyards, regardless of the age, species, and destination.
Nut plantations – plantations of nuts, hazel nuts, and other species (almond, etc.).
Pastures represent lands covered with herbal vegetation, grown in natural way, meant for animal pasturing.
Hayfields represent the lands covered with herbal vegetation, grown in natural way, meant for hay harvesting.
Sown area – arable land sown with agricultural crops.
Sown area covers 4 big groups of agricultural crops:
Cattle livestock – population of cattle and poultry in all the holdings which carry out agricultural activity, regardless of the fact if it is for market sale purpose or for internal consumption of the household (nutrition, etc.).
The main breeds of agricultural animals are the following:
- sheep and goats,
Cattle – all the animals from cattle species, regardless of the sex, age or economic destination.
Cows – females who have calved at least once.
Reproduction bulls – males used effectively as breeders.
Work cattle – males altered at an age of over 2 years.
Calves of over 1 year – number of calf males and females of over 1 year.
Pigs – all the animals from pigs’ species, regardless of the sex, age, and economic destination.
Sows – females who have calved once and more times.
Pigs of 4 months and over – number of pigs of over 4 months. This group includes the young females and males, without including the number of boars for reproduction.
Sheep – all the animals from the sheep species, regardless of the sex, age, and economic destination.
Lambing sheep – females who have lambed once and more times.
Lambs of 1 year and over – lambs, regardless of the fact if they were used as breeders or not.
Goat – total number of goats (adults and youth), as well as he-goats.
Kidding goats - number of she-goats who have kidded at least once.
Horses – total number of horses, regardless of the sex, age, and economic destination.
Poultry – total number of poultry, regardless of the age and sex.
Rabbits – total number of rabbits for meat, skin, and angora hair.
Bee families – total number of bee families.
Animals’ livestock is established according to the record keeping of animals’ number as of January 1
Live born – number of calves, pigs, lambs, etc. born alive during the reported period, including those which were subsequently sold, slaughtered or dead, starting with the day they were born.
Number of dead animals – number of dead or perished animals during the year, including the perished animals from those bought from other producers.
- cattle daily increase in weight – weight increase per day for cattle, pigs’, and other animals’ growing and fattening;
- milk average production per cow – milk volume per cow, obtained during the reported period;
- eggs average production per layer – number of eggs collected per average number of layers during the reported period.
- average wool production per sheep – quantity of sheep wool per sheep population at the beginning of year.
Production (breeding) of cattle and poultry – volume (weight) of live weight of the live born, increase in mass when growing and fattening minus the mass of perished cattle. The volume of breeding production of animals is calculated by the main types of productive animals.
Production (sale) of cattle and poultry for slaughtering in live weight – includes the live mass of animals and poultry of all types for slaughtering. The calculation of the volume of meat production is determined by number of slaughtered cattle and their weight. The number of slaughtered cattle includes the cattle sold to procurement organizations, through other sale for slaughtering, as well as the cattle slaughtered in own households. The other sales for slaughtering include the cattle sold on the market, except for the claves, lambs, sheep up to 6 months, pigs – 2 months, and poultry chicks.
Milk production – quantity of cow, sheep, goat milk regardless of the fact if it was sold or part of it was used in the households for lactation of calves and piglets. The milk sucked by the claves is not included in the production and is not calculated when determining the average quantity of milk stropped from a cow.
Production of eggs – all the quantity of eggs collected during one year from all the types of home birds, including the eggs which were used for poultry reproduction (incubation).
Eggs production - all the eggs collected in one year from all types of poultry.
Production of eggs for incubation - all the eggs that were used in one year for incubation.
Production of wool includes all the sheep wool, regardless of the fact if it is sold or used in own household. The wool cut from the sheep skin during the industrial processing of the skin is not included in the production. The wool production is indicated in physical weight (the weight of unwashed wool) immediately after clipping the sheep.