In order to comply with the requirements established in LAW No. 133 of 08.07.2011 on the protection of personal data on the processing of personal data and the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector, all website visitors are required to consent before sending cookies to their computers.
This website uses its own and third-party cookies to provide visitors with a much better browsing experience and services tailored to the needs and interests of each.
Cookies play an important role in facilitating access to and delivery of the multiple services that the user enjoys on the Internet, such as:
- Customize certain settings such as: the language in which a site is viewed, accessing old preferences by accessing the "forward" and "backward" buttons.
- Cookies provide site owners with valuable feedback on how their sites are used by users, so that they can make them even more efficient and accessible to users.
- Allow multimedia or other applications from other sites to be included in a particular site to create a more valuable, useful, and enjoyable browsing experience.
What is a "cookie"?
An "Internet Cookie" (also known as a "browser cookie " or " HTTP cookie " or simply a " cookie ") is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, that will be stored on your computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user from whom the Internet is accessed.
The cookie is installed by the request issued by a web server to a browser ( eg Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely " passive " ( does not contain software, viruses or spyware and can not access the information on the hard drive user ).
A cookie consists of 2 parts: the name and content or value of the cookie. Moreover, the lifespan of a cookie is determined; technically, only the webserver that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that webserver.
Cookies themselves do not require personal information in order to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify internet users.
There are 2 major categories of cookies:
- Session cookies - these are temporarily stored in the cookies folder of the web browser so that it can store them until the user leaves the respective website or closes the browser window (eg when logging in / out of an account webmail or social networks).
- Persistent cookies - these are stored on the hard drive of a computer or equipment (and generally depend on the default lifetime for the cookie). Persistent cookies also include those placed by a website other than the one the user is currently visiting - known as ' third party cookies ' - which can be used anonymously to memorize a user's interests so that the most relevant advertising for the user is delivered.
What are the advantages of cookies?
A cookie contains information that links a web browser (user) to a specific web server (website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users : ex - online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping carts or relevant advertising.
What is the lifetime of a cookie?
Cookies are administered by webservers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session ( session cookies ) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website, and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website (cookies). permanent). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time via browser settings.
What are third-party cookies ?
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third parties / providers (eg news box, video or advertisement). These third parties may also place cookies through the site and they are called " third party cookies " because they are not placed by the owner of that website. Third party providers must also comply with the law in force and the privacy policies of the site owner.
How cookies are used by a site.
A visit to a website may place cookies for:
- increase website performance;
- an analysis of visitors;
- user registration.
This type of cookie retains the user's preferences on this site, so there is no need to set them each time you visit the site.
Examples: video player volume settings, video streaming speed that the browser is compatible with.
Cookies for visitor analysis
Each time a user visits a site, the analytics software provided by a third party generates a user analysis cookie. This cookie says if you have visited this site before. The browser will signal if you have this cookie, and if not, one will be generated. It allows monitoring of unique users who visit the site and how often they do so.
As long as the visitor is not registered on the site, this cookie cannot be used to identify individuals, they are used only for statistical purposes. If it is registered, the details provided, such as e-mail address and username, may also be known - these being subject to confidentiality, in accordance with the provisions of the legislation in force on the protection of personal data.
These cookies are used by a software that determines which country you come from. It is completely anonymous and is only used to target the content - even when the visitor is on the page in Romanian or in another language, the same advertisement will be received.
Cookies for registration
When you register on a site, a cookie is generated that announces whether or not you are registered. Servers use these cookies to show the account you are registered with and if you have permission for a particular service. It is also allowed to associate any comment posted on the site with your username. If you have not selected "keep me registered", this cookie will be automatically deleted when you close your browser or computer.
Other third party cookies
On some pages, third parties may set their own anonymous cookies in order to track the success of an application or to customize an application.
For example, when you share an article using the social media button on a site, that social network will record your activity.
What kind of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted.
The cookie stores important information that improves the Internet browsing experience (eg settings for the language in which you want to access a site; keeping a user logged in to the webmail account; online banking security; keeping products in the shopping cart )
Why are cookies important for the Internet?
Cookies are the focal point of the efficient operation of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience tailored to the preferences and interests of each user. Declining or disabling cookies may make some sites impossible to use.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user to authenticate through an account):
- Content and services tailored to user preferences - categories of news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
- Offers adapted to users' interests - password retention, language preferences (eg displaying search results in Romanian).
- Retention of child protection filters on Internet content ( family mode options, safe search functions).
- Measurement, optimization and analytics features - such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user gets to a website (eg through search engines, directly from other websites) uri). Websites conduct these analyzes of their use to improve the sites for the benefit of users.
Security and privacy issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed, nor can they be self-executed. As a result, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or replicate. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
However, cookies may be used for negative purposes. Because it stores information about users' preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and on several other sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion / scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of acceptance of cookies, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Tips for safe and responsible browsing based on cookies.
- Customize your browser settings for cookies to reflect a comfortable level of cookie security for you.
- If you share access to your computer, you can consider setting your browser to clear individual browsing data each time you close your browser. This is a way to access the sites that place cookies and to delete any visit information at the end of the browsing session.
- Install and constantly update your antispyware applications.
- Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include site attack detection. This prevents the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download malicious software.
How can I stop cookies?
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain sites impractical or difficult to visit and use.
It is possible to set in the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a specific site. But, for example, if a visitor is not registered using cookies, they will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the Options menu or in the browser's Favorites menu.
To understand these settings, the following links may be helpful: