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Updated: 22.10.2020
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Registered crime – socially dangerous action, revealed and officially taken at the evidence by law institutions, according to law legislation.

Exceptionally serious crime is an offence committed with intention for which the criminal law provides life detention.

Extremely serious crime is considered to be the offence committed with intention for which the criminal law provides for a maximum sentence of detention exceeding 15 years.

Serious crime is an offence for which the criminal law provides for a maximum sentence of detention up to 15 years.

Less serious and slight crime is an offence for which the criminal law provides for a maximum sentence of detention up to 2 years inclusively.

Crime related to drugs’ illegal circulation represents the illegal activity regarding the circulation, possession, storage, issuance, trade, procurement of drugs without authorization.

Scam - illicit acquisition of assets of another person through deception or abuse of power.

Theft - secretly stealing another person's property.

Hooliganism - deliberate actions grossly violating public order involving violence or threats of violence or resistance to authorities’ representatives or to other persons who suppress such actions as well as actions that by their content are distinguished by an excessive cynicism or impudence.

Robbery – open appropriation of another person’s goods.

Murder – action leading to taking the life of another person.

Taking a child out of the country based on false documents or any other illegal means and his/her abandonment abroad for other purposes.

Burglary - an offence against a person aimed at the appropriation of goods involving violence dangerous to the life or health of the person attacked or the threat of such violence.

Rape - sexual intercourse committed by the physical or mental coercion of the person, or by taking advantage of the victim’s incapacity to defend himself/herself or to express his/her will.

Criminal records represent the legal condition of a person which occurs as soon as the conviction sentence is final, generating unfavorable legal consequences for the convicted person until he/she is rehabilitated or his/her criminal records are extinct.

Convict is the person for whom the conviction sentence has become, partially or integrally, final.

Smuggling – transportation on a large scale of goods, objects, and other valuables across the customs border of the Republic of Moldova circumventing customs control or concealing the goods from customs control by hiding them in compartments specially prepared or adjusted for this purpose or fraudulently using documents or other means of customs identification or involving the non-declarations or inauthentic declarations in customs documents or in other border-crossing documents.

Contravention – illegal action or inaction with a lower social danger level than crime, committed with guilt, which attempts to the social values protected by law.

Detention – any form of institutional deprivation of freedom, ordered based on a final or executive decision of the court (investigation judge), issued under the conditions set in the Criminal Procedure Code. 

Detainee – a person deprived of freedom in compliance with legal conditions, who is detained in penitentiaries, regardless of his/her status (convicted or prevented).

Penitentiary institutions – institutions subordinated to the National Administration of Penitentiaries, in which the persons convicted to imprisonment and life detention according to the court decisions execute their sentences, as well as temporary detention places for the persons subject to preventive arrest.

Adult – the person who turned 18 years old.

Minor – the person who did not yet turn 18 years old.

Trafficking of children - the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of a child, as well as giving or receiving payments or benefits to obtain the consent of the person who exerts control over the child for the purpose of commercial or non-commercial sexual exploitation; exploitation by forced labor or services; exploitation in slavery; participating in armed conflicts; participating in criminal activities; removing human organs or tissues; abandonment abroad.

Intentional severe bodily injury or life-threatening damage to health or that caused the loss of sight, hearing, speech or another organ, or the cessation of its functioning, mental disease or some other form of health damage accompanied by the permanent loss of at least one-third of the capacity to work or resulting in a miscarriage or an incurable disfiguration of the face and/or adjacent areas.

Family violence is defined as any intentional action or inaction of physical and verbal nature, by a family member against other family members, through physical abuse causing health, psychological, material or moral damages.

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