Health system resources
Public hospital - represents the medical-sanitary institution of public utility with beds and legal personality, which provides specialized medical services in in-patient conditions. Public hospitals include hospitals subordinated to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Social Protection and hospitals subordinated to other Ministries and central public authorities.
Private hospital - hospital organized as a legal entity under private law. The medical-sanitary institutions set up within non-governmental organizations or commercial companies, which provide hospital medical services according to the law, are equivalent to private hospitals.
Emergency care institutions - provide pre-hospital urgent medical care and assisted medical transportation, upon the patient’s or other persons’ call, or upon the request of the medical workers in continuous regime, from the place of accident or illness and during the transportation up to patient’s transfer to the medical/sanitary institution, including in crisis situations, on the whole territory of the country.
Primary health care institutions - institutions that provide primary medical services by the family doctor to the patients on the lists based on the application submitted according to the principle of free choice, regardless of person’s status (insured or uninsured), including from other institutions in case of medico-surgical emergencies or other situations justified from medical point of view. Primary health care is provided in: Family Doctors Centers, Health Centers, including autonomous centers, Family Doctor Offices, Health Offices (Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, Order No. 695 from 13.10.2010).
Specialized ambulatory health care institutions - institutions that provide specialized ambulatory care and medical services on a stationary basis by a specialist doctor together with medium medical staff.
Ambulatory individual enterprises - private institutions that provide outpatient medical services, in ambulatory conditions - services of primary health care and specialized outpatient services.
Pharmacy - pharmaceutical enterprise, part of the health system, with the right and obligation to provide assistance with drugs, other pharmaceutical products and the provision of other pharmaceutical services aimed at the benefit of the population.
Medical personnel - represents the number of doctors or paramedical personnel, during the reference period.
Morbidity, disability, and hospitalization
Population morbidity - represents the totality of cases of illness registered during the year, when addressing in the medical institution or during the prophylactic examination.
Morbidity rate is calculated as the ratio between the number of patients and the annual average number of population.
For statistical processing of data on morbidity is applied the International Classification of Diseases and related health problems, revision X, which ensures comparability of data on morbidity.
Incidence of a certain disease represents the number of people who develop a certain disease for the first time, registered by a medical institution, during the reference period.
Prevalence of a certain disease represents the number of people who develop a certain disease for the first time (new case) and of people previously registered (old case) with a certain disease, by a medical institution, in the reference period.
General incidence rate of diseases represents the frequency of new cases of all diseases that occur for the first time in a population, registered by a medical-sanitary institution, per 100 thousand inhabitants, within a certain space and time.
General prevalence rate of diseasesrepresents the frequency of new cases of all diseases that occur for the first time and that of old cases (registered before), in a population, registered by a medical-sanitary institution per 100 thousand inhabitants, within a certain space and time.
Disability - a generic term for impairments / deficiencies, activity limitations and participation restrictions, which denote the negative aspects of the interaction between the individual (who has a health problem) and the contextual factors in which the individual lives (environmental and personal factors).
Primary disability - establishing a degree of disability for the first time in the reference year, following the expertise of vital capacities by the National Council for Assessment of Disability and Work Capacity.
Repeated disability - re-assignment of the degree of disability after repeated expertise of vital capacities, to assess the rehabilitation or worsening of the person's health, in the reference year by the National Council for Assessment of Disability and Work Capacity.
Disability without a term of re-expertise - establishing the degree of disability without a term of re-expertise by the National Council for Assessment of Disability and Work Capacity. In children, disability without a re-expertise term is established only for the period up to 18 years.
Primary disability rate represents the frequency of illnesses that totally or partially interrupt the work capacity, new case, registered for the first time in the reference period, per 10 thousand inhabitants, within a given space and time.
Primary disability rate of children aged up to 18 years old represents the frequency of children aged 0 -17 years 11 months 29 days with disabilities, new case, in 1000 children aged 0 -17 years 11 months 29 days, within a given space and time.
Average number of visits per 1 inhabitant/year represents the number of registered visits of the population to doctors, including for prophylactic purposes, as well as the number of visits made by doctors at home to the average annual number of the population.
Average length of stay for inpatients per bed represents the number of hospitalized days/bed divided by the number of patients discharged.
Lethality represents the frequency of people who die in hospital to the number of patients discharged (including deceased persons) from the given medical institution, in a given space and time.
Number of surgical interventions represents the number of surgeries performed on patients discharged (including deceased persons) from the surgical departments, in a given space and time.
The share of vaccinated children represents the number of children covered with preventive vaccines, by type of vaccine, divided by the total number of registered children, expressed at 100%.