National Bureau of Statistics - part of the worldwide campaign to promote
the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics
During 2022, the 30th anniversary of the adoption of the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) it is marked. On the occasion of this anniversary, an international campaign has been launched to promote the 10 Fundamental Principles that underpin the statistical work of the world's countries:
|1. Relevance, impartiality and equal access|
2. Professional standards and ethics
3. Accountability and transparency
4. Prevention of misuse
5. Sources of official statistics
8. National coordination
9. Use of international standards
10. International cooperation
In this regard, several National Statistical Offices, including the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova (NBS), have responded to the invitation of the UNECE to participate in this campaign by carrying out activities on each principle consecutively. Since the beginning of the anniversary year, the first 8 principles have been promoted, during which statistical offices in countries such as Canada, New Zealand, Finland, Latvia, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Colombia, Spain and Armenia have organised various events and developed materials highlighting principles 1-8 and the importance of their application in statistics.
The 9th Principle "Use of international standards", which describes the need for international coordination of statistics, will be marked by our country through the NBS over the next two weeks. The use of internationally applied concepts, classifications and methods by statistical institutions in every country of the world promotes the production and dissemination of quality, internationally comparable statistics. This and other approaches to the importance of aligning national statistics to international standards will be discussed at the public event ,,The application of international standards in official statistics" that NBS, together with other national and international partners, will organise as part of the campaign. NBS will also launch a series of information and promotional materials during this period that will help the local public to know and understand better these principles.
It should be noted that the Law No 93 of 2017 on Official Statistics is based on the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics and the European Statistics Code of Practice and was drafted in accordance with the Generic Law on Official Statistics, considering the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European Statistics.
NBS, as the central statistical authority that is coordinating the statistical activity in the country, is using the international statistical concepts, classifications and methods, in particular those of the EU.
From this point of view:
a) The NBS uses nationally adapted international concepts and definitions in the following areas in the production of official statistics:
- Usual resident population
- Labour force
- Incomes and expenditures of the population
- Science and development
- National accounts
- International trade
- Consumer prices
- Industrial production
- Structural statistics
- Energy statistics
- Short-term statistics in industry, construction and trade
- ICT in enterprises
- Innovation statistics
- Balance of food resources
- Air emissions, etc.
b) The following national classifications, fully or partially harmonized with the EU and international requirements, are used for the production and dissemination of the official statistics:
- Classification of Activities (CAEM-2)
- Statistical Classification of Products (goods and services) (CSPM)
- Nomenclature of Territorial Statistical Units (NUTS)
- Nomenclature of Industrial Products and Services (PRODMOLD)
- Classification of Individual Consumption Expenditure (COICOP)
- Combined Nomenclature of Goods
- Standard International Trade Classification
- Nomenclature of Countries and Territories
- Classification of Occupations
- Classification of Educational Programs
- Classification of Diseases etc.
c) The methods which NBS uses in the statistical work correspond to international standards, such as:
- Sample design
- Data editing and treatment of non-responses
- Statistical inference
- Methods to ensure data confidentiality, including statistical disclosure control
- Seasonal adjustment
- Computer Assisted Web Interviewing (CAWI)
- Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI)
In the area of dissemination and quality management the international standards in the following statistical activities can be mentioned:
- The Special Data Dissemination Standard of the International Monetary Fund, to which the Republic of Moldova subscribed in 2006. National partners in the SDDS are: NBS, National Bank of Moldova, Ministry of Finance, National Commission for Financial Markets.
- Regulation on access to individual data for scientific purposes, approved in 2021
- Description of reference metadata according to the ESMS standard (European SDMX Metadata Structure)
- Description of statistical processes according to the GSBPM (Generic Statistical Business Process Model) standard (in process)
- Submission of statistical information to international organisations based on questionnaires received.
The 10 Principles, under which official statistics are produced, have been approved at the global level, specifically to ensure the high quality of official statistics needed for sustainable development at national, regional and global levels. The results of the promotion campaign of the Principles will be presented at the Conference of European Statisticians (CES), of which the Republic of Moldova is also a member, which will be held in Geneva in the period 20-22 June 2022.
More information on the promotion campaign of the Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics is available here: https://unece.org/FPOS30